M1 Abrams Battle Tank Variants
XM1, M1, M1IP, M1A1, M1A1HC, M1A1-D, M1A1-AIM, M1A1 KVT, M1A2, M1A2 SEP, M1 Grizzly, M1 Panther II, M104 Wolverine, M1 Mine, TUSK

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See Also:
M1 Abrams M1A1 M1A2
M1A1 Abrams Tank
M1A2 Abrams Tank
M1A1 D Abrams Tank
M1 Abrams Tank Variants
M1 A1 Abrams Tank Operations
M1 A1 A2 Abrams Career
Army General Abrams
M1 Abrams TUSK
M1A2 Abrams SEP

See Also:
Tank history WW1 WW2
List of tanks WW1, WW2, Modern
US Army List of Tanks WW2 M4_Sherman
US Tank Production World War 2
WW2 German Tank Production Panzer 3 III
Panzer 4 IV Pz4
Tiger 1
King Tiger 2
Maus (Tank) - Panzer VIII WW2 world largest tank
Matilda Infantry Tank
T-34 T34 Soviet medium tank IS-2_Soviet_Tank
T-35 Soviet Heavy Tank,
T-55 Tank,
T-62 Soviet Medium Tank,
T80 Main Battle Tank,
T-90 Main Battle Tank
T-72 Tank
M60 Patton
M1 Abrams M1A1 M1A2

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M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank Main Variants

M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank is the namesake of the late General Creighton Abrams, commander of the 37th Armored Battalion. It is the backbone of the armored forces of the United States military, and several of US allies as well. The purpose of this vehicle is to provide mobile firepower for armored formations and destroy any opposing armored fighting vehicle in the world.

The M1 Abrams was designed by Chrysler Defense (in 1979, General Dynamics Land Systems Division purchased Chrysler Defense Division) and is currently produced by General Dynamics Corporation in Lima, Ohio, and first entered US Army service in 1980.

M1A1 Abrams Main Battle Tank

An improved version of the M1, the M1A1, was introduced in 1985. The M1A1 has the M256 120 mm smoothbore cannon developed by Rheinmetall AG of Germany for the Leopard 2, improved armor, and an NBC protection system.

Model M1 IPM1 M1A1 M1A2 SEP
Length 32.04 ft (9.77 m) 32.04 ft (9.77 m) 32.04 ft (9.77 m) 32.04 ft (9.77 m) 32.04 ft (9.77 m)
Width 12 ft (3.66 m) 12 ft (3.66 m) 12 ft (3.66 m) 12 ft (3.66 m) 12 ft (3.66 m)
Height 7.79 ft (2.37 m) 7.79 ft (2.37 m) 8.0 ft (2.44 m) 8.0 ft (2.44 m) 8.0 ft (2.44 m)
Top speed 45 mph (72 km/h) 45 mph (72 km/h) 41.5 mph (67 km/h) 41.5 mph (67 km/h) 42 mph (68 km/h)
Range 498 km (310 mi) 465 km (288 mi) 391 km (243 mi)    
Weight 55.7 tonnes 62.8 tonnes 57.0 tonnes 67.6 tonnes 63.0 tonnes
Main armament 105 mm M68 rifled tank gun 105 mm 120 mm M256 smoothbore tank gun 120 mm 120 mm
Crew 4 4 4 4 4

The M1A1 fleet remains the majority of the Armor Force. The M1A1D is a digitized M1A1 that provides improved situational awareness and far target designate capability. The installation of a digital appliqué command and control package on the M1A1 is necessary to achieve Force XXI required capabilities. Another planned improvement is replacing the analog Turret Network Box (TNB) and Hull Network Box (HNB) with new digital units to eliminate the associated obsolescence problems and to allow the introduction of a built-in-test (BIT) capability to support the Force XXI maintenance structure. Digital TNBs and HNBs also allow future electronic growth by providing unpopulated VME card slots.

M1A2 Abrams Main Battle Tank
The mission of the M1A2 Abrams tank is to close with and destroy enemy forces using firepower, maneuver, and shock effect. The M1A2 is being fielded to armor battalions and cavalry squadrons of the heavy force. In lieu of new production, the Army is upgrading approximately 1,000 older M1 tanks to the M1A2 configuration. During the Army’s current M1A2 procurement program about 1,000 older, less capable M1 series tanks will be upgraded to the M1A2 configuration and fielded to the active forces.

Variants and kits

- XM1 Experimental model; nine test-beds were produced in 1978.

- M1 First production variant. Production began in 1979 and continued to 1985.

- M1IP (Improvement Production) Produced briefly in 1984 before the M1A1, contained upgrades and reconfigurations.

- M1A1 Production started in 1986 and continued to 1992.

- M1A1HC (Heavy Common) adding new depleted uranium armor mesh, pressurized NBC system and M256 120 mm smoothbore cannon.

- M1A1-D (Digital) A digital upgrade for the M1A1HC, to keep up with M1A2 SEP.

- M1A1-AIM (Abrams Integrated Management) A program whereby older units are reconditioned to zero hour conditions

- M1A1 KVT (Krasnovian Variant Tank) M1A1's that have been visually modified to resemble Soviet-made tanks for use at the National Training Center.

- M1A2 (Baseline) Production began in 1992.

- M1A2 SEP (System Enhancment Package) Also with upgraded 3rd generation depleted uranium encased armor with graphite coding.

- M1 Grizzly Engineer Vehicle

- M1 Panther II Remote Controlled Mine Clearing Vehicle

- M104 Wolverine Heavy Assault Bridge

- M1 Mine Clearing Blade System.

- M1 Mine Clearing Roller System.

- TUSK Tank Urban Survival Kit.[

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